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West London Free School - Primary

The Knowledge Schools Trust

We aim to provide children with a classical liberal education, regardless of background or ability.

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Our English Curriculum promotes a high standard of language, both in the spoken and written form. It is based on the National Curriculum and incorporates a diverse range of high-quality, engaging literature.

All children from Reception to Year 6 have English lessons at least once a day, which include whole-class study and analysis of a reading book or text as well as writing opportunities. In addition, reading for pleasure is incorporated into the weekly timetable, developing reading skills and widening the opportunities for our children to hear a rich and varied diet of literature.

Throughout our English curriculum, children will: 

  • Read easily, fluently and with good understanding
  • Acquire a wide vocabulary
  • Develop an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language
  • Write clearly, accurately, and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences
  • Develop strong vocabulary, grammar and punctuation skills.
  • Develop skills in oracy through speaking and listening, making formal presentations and participating in debate.


‘To encounter characters and worlds that resemble your own can allow for powerful connections to be forged between the reader and the world of the book.’

CLPE: Reflecting Realities 2022 report

Reading is at the heart of our curriculum. It is a central part of every pupil’s life at our school. We want to instil a love of reading for our children from the very beginning of school life and we do this by ensuring that we deliver a high-quality Reading curriculum through a wealth of literature. Children build the knowledge and skills to become confident readers throughout their time with us and this is evident by their continuous engagement, desire to read for pleasure and their understanding of a range of texts, authors, and illustrators.

For our children, learning to read and becoming a reader is a priority for us. We have developed our Reading curriculum to ensure all children have opportunities to and develop understanding in:

  • Using their Phonics to lift the words off the page
  • Developing communication and language skills particularly by learning new vocabulary and key/familiar phrases
  • Applying their Phonics to read words, captions, phrases, sentences and longer texts
  • Daily Phonics, Reading and English lessons in EYFS and KS1
  • Daily Reading and English lessons in KS2
  • Reading as part of the wider curriculum
  • Sharing books, authors and illustrators during daily read aloud sessions
  • Opportunities to independently read and be immersed in a book
  • Engaging in book talk: likes, dislikes, puzzles and connections

Reading Curriculum Map

Year 2 Reading List

Year 3 Reading List

Year 4 Reading List

Year 5 Reading List

Year 6 Reading List


Essential Letters and Sounds (ELS) is our chosen Phonics program. The aim of ELS is to ‘Get all children to read well, quickly’. All staff at INSERT SCHOOL NAME have been expertly trained to ensure we meet this aim and continuous training is provided to staff who teach Phonics regularly.

ELS teaches children to read by identifying the phonemes (the smallest unit of sound) and graphemes (the written version of the sound) within words and using these to read words. ELS is a whole class teaching model. This means that every single pupil has the same opportunities when learning to read. Learning to read well, early, is a priority for every child. Children who may find it harder to learn how to read are given extra support from their teacher every day. We ensure that all children to learn to read well and keep up rather than have to catch-up.

Children being learning Phonics at the very beginning of Reception, and it is explicitly taught every day. Throughout the day, children will use their growing Phonics knowledge to support them in other areas of the curriculum and will have many opportunities to practise their reading. This includes reading 1:1 with a member of staff, with a partner during paired reading and as a class.  

Children continue daily Phonics lessons in Year 1 and further through the school to ensure all children become confident, fluent readers.

We follow the ELS progression and sequence. This allows our children to practise their existing phonic knowledge whilst building their understanding of the ‘code’ of our language GPCs (Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence). As a result, our children can tackle any unfamiliar words that they might discover. 

We begin by teaching the single letter sounds before moving to diagraphs (two letters spelling one sound), trigraphs (three letters spelling one sound) and quadgraphs (four letters spelling one sound).

We teach children to:  

  • Decode by identifying each sound within a word and blending them together to read fluently
  • Encode by segmenting each sound to write words accurately.

The structure of ELS lessons allows children to know what is coming next, what they need to do, and how to achieve success. This makes it easier for children to learn the GPCs we are teaching (the alphabetic code) and how to apply this when reading.

ELS is designed on the principle that children should ‘keep up’ rather than ‘catch up’. Since interventions are delivered within the lesson by the teacher, any child who is struggling with the new knowledge can be immediately targeted with appropriate support. Where further support is required, 1:1 interventions are used where needed. These interventions are short, specific and effective.

Children experience the joy of books and language whilst rapidly acquiring the skills they need to become fluent independent readers and writers. ELS teaches relevant, useful and ambitious vocabulary to support children’s journey to becoming fluent and independent readers.

ELS is supported by a wide range of completely decodable texts. These cover both fiction and non-fiction and are exciting and engaging for all our pupils. We match the home reading texts to each child’s current phonic knowledge to ensure that they consolidate their most recent teaching and learning at home.

Supporting Reading at Home

Parents and Carers often ask us how they can help their children with reading at home. The answer is simple: read aloud. Read aloud as often as possible. Children (and adults) love listening to stories and text being read aloud, and for many it is the opportunity to relax and be immersed in another world.  The experience of sharing a book with another is even more wonderful! Children can also be encouraged to read aloud to a family member and to also read independently. Please see our recommended book lists for Year 2 to Year 6 children here. Reception and Year 1 book lists will be available soon.

Children, who are first learning to read will only be asked to independently read books that are entirely decodable. This means that they should be able to read these books as they already know the code contained within the book.

  • We only use pure sounds when decoding words (no ‘uh’ after the sound)
  • We encourage children to practise reading their book 4 times across the week working on these skills:
    • Decode – sounding out and blending to read the word.
    • Fluency – reading words with less obvious decoding.
    • Expression – using intonation and expression to bring the text to life! 

We must use pure sounds when we are pronouncing the sounds and supporting children in reading words. If we mispronounce these sounds, we will make reading harder for our children. Please watch the videos below for how to accurately pronounce these sounds.

Phase 2

Phase 3

Information about how to support reading & learning to read can be found within the ELS parent information slides. This includes how many books your child will bring home and ways in which you can further support at home. At the beginning of each academic year, we will hold an information session for parents and carers to find out more about what we do for Phonics, Reading and English at our schools. Please do join us.

More information about Essential Letters and Sounds can be found here: https://essentiallettersandsounds.org/

As children move through the school, they will move on from books linked to ELS and will be able to move onto an even wider selection of books. These books, often chapter books or longer non-fiction texts, will allow children to move towards using books to learn from and to read for pleasure. Please encourage your child to still read extracts of this book aloud to you at times, so to focus on fluency and understanding.


Our writing curriculum has been developed to inspire children to want to write for a range of purposes. We teach the children specific skills to be able to effectively express their ideas and thoughts when writing for a wide selection of outcomes. Our English writing units vary in stimuli and where possible we make links with our history, geography and science units. Our units are based around: picture books, chapter books, visual literacy (animations), folk tales, traditional tales, poetry and real-life events. We encourage the children to focus on each writing outcome’s purpose, audience, language and layout and to think like a reader when writing. The children have time to self-edit their own work, but also time to work with their partner to peer-edit their work.

Writing Curriculum Map


In EYFS, nursery rhymes, songs and rhyme are a focus, but they also have the opportunity to hear a range of poems being read aloud.

Children in Year 1 to Year 6 will explore different forms of poetry, structure of different poems and explore key poems around different themes. The sessions encompass an understanding of context of certain poems, exploring the type of poems they will study including a poet study, an exploration of language, poetry performance skills and a range of poems to develop thinking and enjoyment. We encourage the children to learn these poems off by heart, so to be performed. There is also opportunities for the children to write their own poetry based on each unit.

Poetry Curriculum Map


EYFS: children in EYFS are taught basic letter formation using the Essential Letters and Sounds letter rhymes during Phonics lessons as well as during additional handwriting sessions.

Year 1 to Year 6: we use the Collins handwriting scheme. Children review basic letter formation to begin with, but then begin to learn how to lead in and lead out. The children then learn common letter patterns and apply this to writing whole words. Children are encouraged to use cursive handwriting from Lent Term in Year 1.


EYFS and Year 1: Spelling is taught as part of the Essential Letters and Sounds Phonics programme. However, spelling is also taught in English lessons with a particular focus on harder to read and spell words. These words are sent home at the beginning of the year for your child to learn. Children in Year 1 are also sent home weekly spellings to learn each half term.

Year 2: we use the ELS Essential Spelling program that follows on from the ELS Phonics programme. ELS Essential Spelling provides children with the opportunity to revise the code they already know by looking at grapheme–phoneme correspondences (GPCs) they have already been taught and gives them the confidence to use this code to support spelling. ELS Essential Spelling is a whole class spelling programme taught as three sessions each week. Spelling is always referred to and taught in English lessons. Weekly spellings that link with in class learning are sent home every half term.

Year 3 to Year 6: we currently use the Read Write Inc Spelling programme, however, we have started to use words taught as part of Essential Letters and Sounds and incorporated the routines from these lessons to support children in using their phonics into their spelling practise. We have three Read Write Inc spelling sessions each week, however, spelling is always referred to and taught in English lessons. Weekly spellings that link with in class learning are sent home every half term.

Read Write Inc Spelling: Although the teaching of phoneme-grapheme correspondence underpins this programme, it also develops children’s knowledge of word families, how suffixes impact upon root words, and provides mnemonics to remember the trickiest spellings.

The teaching revolves around instruction (with the help of online alien characters), partner and group practice, and competitive group challenges that help children commit new words to memory.

Spelling Curriculum Map

ELS Spelling Chart


EYFS and Year 1: basic grammar (capital letters, full stops, question marks, word order, word classes- nouns and adjectives) are taught as part of our Phonics programme Essential Letters and Sounds. However, this is also covered in English writing sessions.

Year 2- Year 6: the children follow the National Curriculum’s expected outcomes for Grammar and Punctuation. Every element of Grammar is built up and developed, so that the children have many opportunities to practise these skills. Year 2 children have two explicit Grammar sessions each week. Children in KS2 have one explicit Grammar session. However, all year groups ensure to teach Grammar as part of their English sessions to develop the children’s understanding.

Grammar Curriculum Map

MRS Wordsmith (KS2)

Mrs Wordsmith is a vocabulary programme used in KS2 to develop children’s bank of rich vocabulary. Mrs Wordsmith is a 20-30 minute timetabled session and the children learn 6 new words a week. These words are based upon describing: characters, settings, weather, actions, emotions and taste & smell.